You will hear a recording. Select the paragraph that best relates to the recording.


(1) The speaker reminisces about his views of the English Revolution when he was a student and how it seemed quite clear which side he was on – the aristocrats’, not the puritans’. Later he realized there was more to it than that and there were several ways of interpreting the Revolution: as a struggle between the king and parliament, as a class war or as an unpredictable situation without the clear sides.

(2) The English Revolution has been interpreted in several ways by historians: as a fight between the aristocratic Cavaliers, who were open to the life, and the serious Puritans; as a battle for power between the parliament and the monarchy over the rights of Englishmen that had been going on for centuries; and as a class war similar to the French Revolution, of which it was a forerunner.

(3) There are three main interpretations of English Revolution. The longest lasting interpretation was that the Revolution was almost inevitable outcome of an age-old power struggle between parliament and crown. The second sees it as a class struggle, and a lead-up to the French and the other revolutions. Finally, the third interpretation sees other two as too fixed, not allowing for unpredictability and that the outcome could have gone either way.

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