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Friday, September 25, 2020

Reading and writing fill in the blanks practice exercise. Below is text with blanks. Choose the correct word for each blank to complete the text.

Clues about modern-day (1) ………………… could be found in some 6,000-year-old bones. Israeli, Palestinian and German scientists have teamed up to investigate the remnants of (2) …………………. in bones (3) ……………………. from the ancient city of Jericho. It’s an exercise in paleoepidemiology, the study of ancient diseases in mummified bodies and human remains.  Jericho’s bones were unearthed by Dr. Kathleen Kenyon half a century ago. And DNA in the samples will be tested for tuberculosis, leprosy, Leishmania, and malaria. But the focus is on tuberculosis, which is the biggest killer nowadays. Scientists believe that tuberculosis originated in the Fertile Crescent nine to ten thousand years ago.  Jericho is one of the earliest cities on earth which is about 11,000 years old. So, there’s a good chance TB could have gotten a start there. Researchers will be (4) ……………………. how early cities—the first-time people lived in crowds— (5) ……………………. the DNA of microbes and their human hosts. They’ll also be looking at the remains of animals, which could have been disease vectors. Scientists on the team believe there’s (6) …………………… DNA in the samples to provide new (7) …………………….. about the origin and evolution of TB, which could help us combat it today.

(1) Tuberculosis, faultless, mortis, coating
(2) Pesticides, diseases, beavers, beechnuts
(3) Phosphorylated, proliferated, asphyxiated, excavated
(4) Jollying, molding, studying, bringing
(5) affected, felted, temperate, hampered
(6) Slimmest, pellet, sufficient, brightest
(7) examination, information, illustration, desperation

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