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Tuesday, September 29, 2020

Reading and writing fill in the blanks practice exercise. Below is text with blanks. Choose the correct word for each blank to complete the text.

Man-made light sources can throw animals for a loop. Moths can’t tear themselves away from lightbulbs, as well as  newly hatched sea turtles often shun moonlit ocean waves for the bright lights of inland cities. But a study in January’s issue of the journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment says direct light sources are only part of the problem. Light that (1) ……………………. off shiny urban surfaces, like roads, buildings and parking lots , has an equally devastating power to attract. That’s because such (2) ………………….. light means one thing to most animals—water. For example insects like dragonflies make nocturnal flights to lay their eggs using (3) …………………………….. polarized light as a beacon. That light might bring them to a stream or pond, but a well-lit (4) ……………………….. is equally alluring. If enough insects lay eggs on the road instead of in the water, the entire food web can be (5) …………………………… . But there are ways to dim  influential lights, the scientists say. Bugs are less attracted to roadways with white hatch marks on the pavement. The light-colored curtains can keep birds from slamming into dark buildings. Simple fixes, really, to keep basic (6) ……………………………….. from turning into fatal (7) …………………………… .

(1) interrelationships, reflects, sophists, cleanse
(2) polarized, rhymed, gratified, inscribed
(3) probably, calorie, novelty, horizontally
(4) humiliate, based, isolate, interstate
(5) disrupted, interested, bombarded, flatbed
(6) shillings, leukemic, carcinogenic, instincts
(7) cancels, attractions, cactus, pagans

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